Surface Standards
Surface Standards


Surface Standards covers most of those required for surface cleanliness.
Part No. Description
SII 128----1 BS EN ISO 8501-1:2007/SIS 055900 - the original visual standard.  It shows the degree of cleanliness of different levels of rusted steel cleaned by blasting, hand and power tools and flame, specified by ASTM D2200 Method A
SII 128----3 SSPC (Steel Structures Painting Council) VIS 1-01 - similar to the Swedish and British standards, but the pictures of the required final appearances match the written descriptions in the USA standards.  VISI 1-89 includes photographs of surfaces cleaned using metallic and non-metallic abrasives.  Specified by  ASTM D2200 Method B
SII 128----5 SSPC-VIS 3 - contains 44 photographs to supplement the written SSPC specifications for hand and power tool cleaning
SII 128----6 SSPC-VIS 2 Standard method of evaluating the degree of rusting on painted steel surfaces
SII 128----7 SSPC-VIS 4 Guide and reference photographs for steel surfaces prepared by waterjetting
SII 128----8 SSPC-VIS 5 Guide and reference photographs for steel surfaces prepared by wet abrasive
SII 128----9 BS EN ISO 8501-4:2006 - preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products.  Visual assessment of surface cleanliness.  Initial surface conditions, preparation grades and flash rust grades in connection with high-pressure water jetting

Fitz’s Atlas 2 of Coating Defects (EFA) takes the reader through a comprehensive range of problems and discusses each in detail.

The EFA provides the User with a greater understanding of the defect, the probable cause and possible solutions. With in excess of 180 colour photographs, the user can quickly gain an insight into the coatings industry and the possible pitfalls.


  • ◆ Welding Faults: welds, cracks, surface porosity, undercut
  • ◆ Surface Conditions: surface preparation, oil contamination, skip weld
  • ◆ Coatings Defects: a comprehensive list of possible defects including blistering, bloom, chalking, cracking, erosion, fish eyes, orange peel
  • ◆ Microscopy: blisters, bubbles, delamination, pinholes, voids, weed fouling
  • ◆ Marine Fouling: animal fouling, barnacles, molluscs, weed or algae fouling


The aim of this publication is to illustrate the range of defects that may be encountered in high pressure steel pipelines and pipeline coatings.

The manual gives advice on the probable cause and significance of the defects and comments on appropriate remedial actions.

The defects included in this book encompass all aspects of high pressure steel pipeline manufacture, construction and operation, together with sections on coating and cathodic protection defects and examples of how defects interact to generate new or modified risks to pipeline integrity.


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